10550 S Cicero Oak Lawn, IL 60453
VSP Eye Doctor
 
 
 
 
 
 
ARMD Risk Assesment
Punctal Plugs for Dry Eye
Dry Eye Evaluation
 
 
AMERICAN VISION CENTERS
EYEWORLD
 
10550 S CICERO
OAK LAWN, IL 60453
 
P: (708) 499-3911
F: (708) 424-5318
 
 
YOU DON'T HAVE TO SUFFER ANY LONGER!

WHAT IS CHRONIC DRY EYE DISEASE (CDED)?

Your tears function to protect the eyes and keep them lubricated and comfortable. Chronic Dry Eye Disease (CDED) is the decline of the quantity and/or quality of the tears produced. It is caused when the tear glands in the upper and lower eyelids do not produce enough tears, or they don;t produce the right kind of tears. This phenomenon causes irritation, scratchiness, burning, redness, and discomfort. CDED is the most common of all eye disorders, affecting approximately 20% of our population.

THE COMPLEXITY OF TEARS
Your eyes are moistened by two different types of tears: lubricating tears and reflex tears. Lubricating tears are produced continuously to moisturize the eye and contain natural infection-fighting antibiotics. Reflex tears are produced in response to sudden irritation (smoke, onions, foreign particles), injury, or emotion. Ironically, the irritation from dry eyes can trigger reflex tears, which flood the eye. But because reflex tears do not have the proper lubricating composition, the discomfort persists. Thus, "watery eyes" can actually be a symptom of CDED.
WHAT ARE PUNCTAL OCCLUDERS?
As the name suggests, these devices occlude (block) the punctum, or tear duct, which is the drainage duct that carries tears away from the surface of the eye. There are upper and lower punctum ducts in the inner corner of each eye. Blocking these drainage ducts prevents tears from draining away too quickly.

Punctal occlusion can be compared to putting a stopper in a sink drain, keeping the tears on the eye's surface for longer periods. This widely performed procedure is safe, quick, painless, and totally reversible. Punctal occluders are made of a very soft flexible silicone, similar to that used in contact lenses. Though they are barely visible, they are carefully manufactured into an extremely smooth and precise design.
 
WHAT CAUSES DRY EYES?
CDED has many causes, which explains why millions are affected.

The most common causes include:
THE AGING PROCESS
Tear flow normally decreases with age. In fact, approximately 75% of individuals over age 65 suffer from CDED symptoms.

CONTACT LENS WEAR
Contact lens wear can dramatically increase tear evaporation, causing discomfort, infection, and/or increased protein deposits. Research shows that CDED is the leading cause of contact lens intolerance.

HORMONAL CHANGES IN WOMEN
Various hormonal changes associated with pregnancy, oral contraceptives and menopause can contribute to CDED.

ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS
People who are exposed to smoke, air pollution, high altitude, sunny, windy, cold or dry air conditions are at risk for CDED.

SIDE EFFECTS OF DISEASE/MEDICATIONS
There are several diseases and medications which can lower your ability to produce tears. Be sure to give your doctor a complete medical history.

SJÖGREN'S SYNDROME
An immune system disorder characterized by inflammation and dryness of the mouth, eyes and other mucous membranes. This disorder damages the lacrimal glands and affects tear production.

LASER VISION CORRECTIVE SURGERIES Following various ophthalmic surgical procedures, patients may develop CDED. Many patients have benefited from temporary punctal occlusion following such procedures.

WHAT TREATMENTS ARE AVAILABLE?
Depending on the intensity of the condition, treatment may be as simple as using artificial tears a few times a day. In more persistent cases, however, a simple non-surgical procedure is available that provides long-term relief of CDED through the use of tiny plugs called "punctal occluders."
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American Vision Centers 10550 S. Cicero Oak Lawn, IL 60453 PHONE (708) 499-3911

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